Microsurgery is a surgical specialty that aims to eliminate congenital or acquired tissue losses, shape and function disorders, and correct body appearance. From the point of view of the function of our injured organs, the repair of damaged nerves with microsurgical methods allows much better results to be obtained.
What Happens If Microsurgery Cannot Be Performed?
Some of the nerves in our body carry the sense of sensation to the brain through the receptors in the skin, and enable us to perceive the effects of the outside world such as hot-cold, stinging, burning, and pain by transmitting them to our brain. Another part of the nerve fibers transmits the commands that we create with our will from the brain to our muscles, allowing them to act in line with our wishes and to comply with the commands of our brain. As a result of the cutting of these nerves, these functions cannot be performed and this area of the patient remains permanently numb as a result of loss of sensation. He cannot protect himself from the harms of the outside world and wounds open and burns occur. Again, as a result of damage to the nerves carrying commands from the brain for movement, these commands cannot reach our optionally working muscles, and these muscles that lose their nerve become paralyzed and permanent loss of movement occurs. For this reason, it is necessary to repair the vessels and nerves with micro-surgical techniques in order to maintain the vitality of the organs and to have sufficient functions. Successful results are in question only when these surgeries are performed with zero errors. Success can be achieved by a patient surgeon with years of training and experience. Otherwise, limb loss or functional disability may result.
Microsurgery application areas
Microsurgery applications provide effective results in accidental injuries, cancer surgery, burns and scars, congenital anomalies, tissue transfers and organ and tissue losses that can be treated by suturing.
- Head and Neck: Many organs in the head and neck region can be repaired or reconstructed with the microsurgery technique.
- Upper Extremity: Repair surgeries performed in the trunk area vary in a wide range.
- Lower Extremity: Treatment and repair of immediate and early-stage injuries that cause tissue loss can also be performed.
- Trunk Repair: Repair surgeries performed in the trunk area vary in a wide range.
- Burn Repair: It is the reconstruction of organs destroyed or deformed as a result of burns.
Microsurgical applications in plastic surgery
Microsurgery is a technique preferred primarily in very sensitive surgeries such as maintaining organ and tissue function and removing tumors caused by diseases such as cancer, especially in areas with vital risks. The microsurgery technique, which is preferred in plastic surgery, especially in reconstruction surgeries, is used very effectively in breast repair operations, for example, after breast cancer. In addition, successful results are obtained with microsurgery applications in burn and scar treatments. Considering that plastic surgery is not always about achieving a better aesthetic appearance, but that operations that will support the quality of life and mental health of the person at the highest level are considered within the scope of plastic surgery, how important is the place of microsurgery in plastic surgery procedures performed in cases such as congenital anomalies, tissue and organ losses? has importance.